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实验一

实验一  命令解释程序的编写

一、目的和要求

1. 实验目的

(1)掌握命令解释程序的原理;

(2)掌握简单的DOS调用方法;

(3)掌握C语言编程初步。

2.实验要求

编写类似于DOS,UNIX的命令行解释程序

(1)自行定义系统提示符

(2)自定义命令集(8-10个)

(3)用户输入HELP以查找命令的帮助

(4)列出命令的功能,区分内部还是外部命令

(5)用户输入QUIT退出

(6)内部命令有dir, cd, md, rd, cls, date, time, ren, copy等。

二、实验内容

根据教师指定的实验课题,完成设计、编码、测试工作。

、实验环境

1.PC微机

2.Windows 操作系统

3.C/C++程序开发集成环境

四、实验原理及核心算法参考程序段

 

显示程序提示信息;

While(1)

{ 显示提示符;

接收键盘的字符串;

判断是否quit程序退出指令,是则退出;

判断是否内部命令,并给出相应的信息,否则给出错误信息;

 

显示退出程序信息;

 

 

 

实验内容:

#include<stdio.h>
#include<string.h>
void main()
{
char*b[1]={"dir","cd","md","rd","cls","date","time","ren","copy","help","quit"};
int pan(char ch1[],char*j[11];
char a[10],*p=a;
printf("Welcome\nPlease enter a command!\nEnter 'quit' to quit\nFor help,Enter'help'\n");
c1: printf("c:\>$");
scanf("%s",a);
pan(p,b);
if(strcmp(a,b[10]!=0)
goto c1;
else printf("out of work!\n");
}
int pan ch1[],char*j[11])
{
int i;
for(i=0;i<=11;i++)
if(strcmp(ch 1,j[i]==0)
{
switch(i)
{
case 0:printf("Command name is dir.\nIt's function is list file.\nIt's an internal command.\nVolume in drive K gas no labe.\nVolume Serial Number is 60F0-6C24n\n");break;
case 1:printf("Command name is cd.t's function is list file.\nIt's an internal command.\nVolume in drive K gas no labe.\nVolume Serial Number is 60F0-6C24n\n");break;
case 2:printf("Command name is md.\nIt's function is list file.\nIt's an internal command.\nVolume in drive K gas no labe.\nVolume Serial Number is 60F0-6C24n\n");break;
case 3printf("Command name is rd.\nIt's function is list file.\nIt's an internal command.\nVolume in drive K gas no labe.\nVolume Serial Number is 60F0-6C24n\n");break;
case 4:printf("Command name is cls.\nIt's function is list file.\nIt's an internal command.\nVolume in drive K gas no labe.\nVolume Serial Number is 60F0-6C24n\n");break;
case 5:printf("Command name is date.\nIt's function is list file.\nIt's an internal command.\nVolume in drive K gas no labe.\nVolume Serial Number is 60F0-6C24n\n");break;
case 6:printf("Command name is time.\nIt's function is list file.\nIt's an internal command.\nVolume in drive K gas no labe.\nVolume Serial Number is 60F0-6C24n\n");break;
case 7:printf("Command name is ren.\nIt's function is list file.\nIt's an internal command.\nVolume in drive K gas no labe.\nVolume Serial Number is 60F0-6C24n\n");break;
case 8:printf("Command name is copy.\nIt's function is list file.\nIt's an internal command.\nVolume in drive K gas no labe.\nVolume Serial Number is 60F0-6C24n\n");break;
case 9:printf("dir\tcd\tmd\tcls\ndate\ttime\tren\tcopy\nEnter\"quite\"to quit this program!!\n");break;
case 10:printf("Thanks for using it ,bye!!\n");break;
return 1;
}
printf("No this one!!\nNot a internal commal.\n");
return 0;
}

 感想:c语言虽然之前学过,可是都忘得七七八八了,虽然代码大多数为参考网络的,但也有理解了。通过这次的实验,认识到了代码编程不仅仅只是懂了就好,还得多多练习。

转载于:https://www.cnblogs.com/lsq21/p/4394417.html

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