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ConcurrentModificationException

众所周知HashMap是非线程安全的数据结构,当一个线程修改了数据的时候,势必造成另一个线程读取数据异常(因为已经和最开始读的数据不一致了),那么jdk源码当中是如何实现的呢,见下图:

 

 

以EntrySet为例,当我们调用hashmap.entrySet.iterator();时,

public Set<Map.Entry<K,V>> entrySet() {
        Set<Map.Entry<K,V>> es;
        return (es = entrySet) == null ? (entrySet = new EntrySet()) : es;
}

  

将会得到EntryIterator实例

final class EntrySet extends AbstractSet<Map.Entry<K,V>> {
        public final int size()                 { return size; }
        public final void clear()               { HashMap.this.clear(); }
     //返回迭代器
        public final Iterator<Map.Entry<K,V>> iterator() {
            return new EntryIterator();
        }

  

而EntryIterator extends HashIterator

final class EntryIterator extends HashIterator
        implements Iterator<Map.Entry<K,V>> {
        public final Map.Entry<K,V> next() { return nextNode(); }
}

   

那么迭代器内部expectedModCount 也就被初始化为外部map的modCount

abstract class HashIterator {
        Node<K,V> next;        // next entry to return
        Node<K,V> current;     // current entry
        int expectedModCount;  // for fast-fail
        int index;             // current slot

        HashIterator() {
       //初始化
            expectedModCount = modCount;
            Node<K,V>[] t = table;
            current = next = null;
            index = 0;
            if (t != null && size > 0) { // advance to first entry
                do {} while (index < t.length && (next = t[index++]) == null);
            }
        }

  

当外部数据被修改过后,modCount随之被修改

    final V putVal(int hash, K key, V value, boolean onlyIfAbsent,
                   boolean evict) {
        Node<K,V>[] tab; Node<K,V> p; int n, i;
        if ((tab = table) == null || (n = tab.length) == 0)
            n = (tab = resize()).length;
        if ((p = tab[i = (n - 1) & hash]) == null)
            tab[i] = newNode(hash, key, value, null);
        else {
            Node<K,V> e; K k;
            if (p.hash == hash &&
                ((k = p.key) == key || (key != null && key.equals(k))))
                e = p;
            else if (p instanceof TreeNode)
                e = ((TreeNode<K,V>)p).putTreeVal(this, tab, hash, key, value);
            else {
                for (int binCount = 0; ; ++binCount) {
                    if ((e = p.next) == null) {
                        p.next = newNode(hash, key, value, null);
                        if (binCount >= TREEIFY_THRESHOLD - 1) // -1 for 1st
                            treeifyBin(tab, hash);
                        break;
                    }
                    if (e.hash == hash &&
                        ((k = e.key) == key || (key != null && key.equals(k))))
                        break;
                    p = e;
                }
            }
            if (e != null) { // existing mapping for key
                V oldValue = e.value;
                if (!onlyIfAbsent || oldValue == null)
                    e.value = value;
                afterNodeAccess(e);
                return oldValue;
            }
        }
       //更新modCount
        ++modCount;

  

最后在调用nextNode()迭代的时候将会发生并发修改异常:

        final Node<K,V> nextNode() {
            Node<K,V>[] t;
            Node<K,V> e = next;
            if (modCount != expectedModCount)
            //抛出异常
                throw new ConcurrentModificationException();

  

  

转载于:https://www.cnblogs.com/lnas01/p/10361499.html

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